Neuropathy refers to any effect on the nerve; this can be caused by irritation, damaged nerves, pathology, or dysfunction. Many people make a common mistake to associate neuropathy with a specified nerve problem. There are various causes and types of neuropathies.
When understanding the types of neuropathies, it is essential to know how the nerves gets divided. The nerves get divided into two and those are peripheral and central nerves. The location of the nerves with the spine gives the nerves their names. The nerves outside the spine are the peripheral nerves, whereas the nerves inside the spine and the brain are the central nervous system.
The peripheral nerves exit the spine until the end of that specific nerve. Every nerve root contains many nerve fibers that control; position sense, pain sensation, and vibratory sense. When you have neuropathy, you need to understand the root cause before you start therapy.
When the nerve roots are in the spine, the risk of any injury is relatively low; however, when the nerves are out of the spine, they are more likely to get damaged. What protects the nerves while in the spine is the protective cerebral spinal fluid and the vertebral column.
When the nerves leave the protected spine, it passes laterally through the vertebral foramen. The vertebral foramen is the gap between the vertebral bones. A disc is made of cartilage between each vertebra; every disc gets linked to the vertebrae above and below it.
The flexibility of the disc is what enables us to bend. The motion between the protected vertebrae is very high, considering we move in three planes. When the spinal nerve roots leave the spinal cord, the direction of the nerve roots changes from vertical to horizontal, and this is to enable the nerves to exit the foramen.
There are always two spinal nerves that are the left and the right spinal nerves. There is a gelatinous substance called the nucleus in the middle of the disc. The exterior disc cartilage ensures that the gelatinous fluid gets held in the center.
The exterior part of the disc is called the fibrosus. The fibrosus ensures that the nucleus is safely held in the disc. The fluid pressure inside the disc starts to build up when the annulus fibers get harmed. When “Annulus” the outer part of the disc bulges, the condition is called a bulging disc. If the annulus gets torn, that condition is called a herniation.
This bulging causes the nucleus in the disc to seep out; when the nucleus seeps out, the condition is called a protrusion. The protrusion and the bulges affect the nerve roots, causing numbness, leg pain, and tingling of the feet and toes.
When there is any irritation, compression, or damage of any part of the spine, it causes neuropathy. Neuropathy has various effects, including numbness, tingling, loss of muscle functions in the legs, or loss of balance. The best way to begin addressing those issues is working with your doctor or a trained chiropractor to reduce immediate stress to the area via medication, lifestyle changes, and more.
When a person gets injured in any other part of the body, the pain signals get ferried by the nerves to the brain. In neuropathic pain, the pain signals come from the nerves that have been damaged. It is crucial to understand how the spine causes neuropathy. The reason to understand the relation between neuropathy and the spine is to ensure that you take good care of the spine.
With neuropathy, there are various therapies that you can use to try and manage the pain and to avoid further damage to the nerves. With the help of a spinal cord specialist, you can get the best guidance on how to take care of your spine best.